Rwandans gathered on Sunday to begin a solemn commemoration of the lives of 800,000 Tutsi and moderate Hutus murdered during the Rwandan genocide, a three-month-killing spree that began 25 years ago.
The ceremony marks the beginning of a week of events to honour the dead.
Rwandan President Paul Kagame is scheduled to lay a wreath at Gisozi genocide memorial site, where over a quarter a million of people are buried.
“Remembering is necessary because it’s only thanks to looking back at what happened (that we can) ensure that it never happens again,” said hairdresser Olive Muhorakeye, 26, who survived the genocide.
In the afternoon, officials will join around 2,000 people in a “walk to remember” from parliament to the national soccer stadium, where candles will be lit in a night vigil.
At least 10 heads of state were expected to attend, Stephanie Nyombayire, Head of Communication at the President’s Office, told journalists on Saturday.
Canadian Governor General Julie Payette and European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker were also expected.
The 100 days of slaughter began on April 6, 1994, after President Juvenal Habyarimana and his counterpart Cyprien Ntaryamira of Burundi – both Hutus – were killed when their plane was shot down over the Rwandan capital.
The attackers have never been identified.
The attack mobilised Hutu government soldiers and allied extremist militia, who orchestrated the genocide to exterminate the Tutsi minority.
In villages across the densely populated country, neighbour turned on neighbour as men, women and children were hacked to death, burned alive, clubbed and shot.
As many as 10,000 people were killed daily.
Seventy per cent of the minority Tutsi population was wiped out, and more than 10 per cent of the total Rwandan population.
The fighting ended in July 1994 when the Rwandan Patriotic Front, a Tutsi-led rebel movement led by Kagame, swept in from Uganda and seized control of the country.
Official policy is to strongly discourage any talk of ethnicity, but the opposition says the tight control of the media and political sphere is also used to stifle dissent.
“The ruling party has decided to adopt dictatorship from early days after the genocide as they said they were protecting the national sovereignty but now I feel that should end,” opposition figure Victoire Ingabire said.
“The government should let the opposition politicians work freely because denying them their rights will create problems.
“Twenty-five years is enough, the government should let people be free to express their opinions.”
Kagame, who won nearly 99 per cent of the vote in 2017 polls on a 96 per cent turnout, rebuffs the criticism, pointing to Rwanda’s strong economic growth and relative peace since the genocide.