The Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative says Nigeria earned N79.96 billion from the solid minerals sector in 2019, according to its 2019 audit report on the sector, released on Sunday, in Abuja.
It said the figure, which represented accruals to the Federation and other subnational entities, showed a 15 per cent increase when compared to the N69.47 billion recorded in 2018.
The report said: “The 2019 earnings accounted for 16 per cent of the total revenues of N496.28billion that have accrued to the Federation, from the sector, over a period of 13 years (2007 to 2019).
“And it is also the highest since 2007, when NEITI commenced reconciliation of payments in the solid minerals sector.”
A breakdown of the receipts showed that taxes to the Federal Inland Revenue Service, on behalf of the Federation, accounted for N69.92 billion or 87.4 per cent of the total, representing the highest flow to the federation’s coffers.
It revealed that fees and royalties paid to the Mining Cadastre Office and Mines Inspectorate Department accounted for N2.37 billion (3.0 per cent) and N2.55billion (3.2 per cent) respectively.
Also, revenue accruals to the States stood at N5.1 billion, representing a 42 per cent increase when compared to the N2.1 billion recorded in 2018.
The NEITI report also disclosed that the outstanding amount of N8.887 billion, which accrued from the solid minerals sector as at December 31, 2019, was distributed amongst the three tiers of government in May 2020, based on the extant revenue sharing formula.
It noted that the balance as at October 31st, 2020, was N3.948 billion.
Giving a breakdown of the distribution, the report showed that the Federal and State governments received N4.073 billion or 45.83 per cent and N2.065 billion or 23.25 per cent respectively.
Local governments equally received N1.592 billion or 17.92 per cent, while the balance of N1.155 billion was distributed to only solid minerals producing states as their share of the 13 per cent derivation.
According to the report, out of 702 companies that paid royalty to the government in 2019, only 74 companies met the materiality threshold of N3 million, which represented a 7.2 per cent increase when compared to the 69 entities that met materiality threshold in 2018.
“These 74 companies accounted for 87.63 per cent of total royalties of N2.50bn paid in 2019, with the top 5 companies – Dangote Cement PLC; Lafarge PLC; Dangote Industries; Julius Berger; Reynolds Construction – paying more than 50% of total royalties,” the report stated.
The report also disclosed that a total of 1,296 mineral permits were issued by the Mining Cadastre Office in 2019, with the Small Scale Mining Leases category recording the highest with 602 permits granted, followed by 501 and 169 for Exploration Licenses and Quarry Leases respectively, while the least figure of 24 permits was recorded by Mining Leases.
The report further put the total volume of minerals produced in 2019 at 59.82mt, with a five-year trend analysis of minerals produced showing that a total of 224,188,056 metric tonnes were produced during the period, albeit the 2019 total production represented the highest in the five years reviewed.
“The 2019 volumetric figures also represents an increase of 29.41per cent when compared to 46.7mt produced in 2018, closely followed by 43.08mt and 39.27mt produced in 2016 and 2015 respectively, with lowest production figure of 35.32mt recorded in 2017,” it noted.
An analysis of revenue flows from the sector in the report also showed that the sum of N79.96 billion recorded in 2019 was the highest in the past five years, followed by N69.47 billion and N69.2 billion recorded in 2018 and 2015 respectively.
In addition, N52.76 billion was recorded in 2017, while the sector accounted for N41.98 billion in 2016.
On minerals exports, the report showed that the solid minerals sector accounted for N124.23 billion of the total government exports of N24.275 trillion for 2019, representing 0.51 per cent of total exports for the year.
As for the sector’s contribution to the economy, NEITI cited data from the National Bureau of Statistics, which stated that mining and quarrying contributed 0.26 per cent to GDP in 2019, a higher figure than the 0.18 per cent contribution in 2018.
The report added: “Nigeria’s GDP in 2019 was N144.210 trillion with contributions from the solid minerals sector totaling N368.99billion, representing 0.2per cent of the total amount.
“This shows a steady growth in the sector’s contribution to the economy in the past five years, from a contribution of 0.12% in 2015 to 0.26% in 2019.”