Kenyan security forces fired teargas to control crowds trying to force their way into a stadium for President Uhuru Kenyatta’s inauguration on Tuesday.
Riot police also sealed off an area where the opposition planned to hold a rival rally.
Kenyatta won a second five-year term on October 26 in a repeat presidential election boycotted by opposition leader, Raila Odinga, who said it would not be free and fair.
The Supreme Court nullified the first presidential election, in August, over irregularities.
The extended election season has divided Kenya, a Western ally in a volatile region, and blunted growth in East Africa’s richest economy.
Supporters of Kenyatta, who won with 98 per cent of the vote after Odinga’s boycott, are urging the opposition to engage in talks and move on.
Hours before the inauguration was due to start, 60,000 Kenyatta supporters, many clad in the red and yellow Jubilee party colours and carrying Kenyan flags, filled the stadium where the ceremony will take place.
“Our responsibility after the political competition is to come together and work to build the nation,” Kenyatta told a church service on Sunday.
Odinga’s National Super Alliance opposition alliance said in a statement: “A return to the political backwardness of our past is more than unacceptable.
“It is intolerable … This divide cannot be bridged by dialogue and compromise.”
The opposition planned to hold a prayer meeting in the capital on Tuesday, saying it wanted to commemorate the lives of Odinga supporters killed during confrontations with the security forces over the election period.
More than 70 people have been killed in political violence this election season, mostly by the police.
A Reuters team at the scene of the planned rally said it had been sealed off by seven truck loads of police.
Two water cannons were standing by.
Police began firing teargas in nearby residential areas two hours before the rally was due to start, apparently attempting to prevent opposition supporters from gathering.