The Federal Government says under the prevailing economic conditions, it can no longer afford fuel subsidy and supplementing electricity tariff.
The Minister of Information and Culture, Alhaji Lai Mohammed, disclosed this at a media briefing in Abuja on Monday.
Mohammed said the nation’s revenues and foreign exchange earnings have fallen by almost 60 per cent due to the downturn in the fortunes of the oil sector.
The News Agency of Nigeria reports the media briefing, which was on the recent increases in petrol and electricity prices, was jointly addressed by the Minister of Power, Saleh Mamman, and Minister of State Petroleum, Timipreye Sylvia.
Mohammed said despite the economic situation, the government sustained expenditures, especially on salaries and capital projects, and stopped unsustainable practices that were weighing the economy down.
He said: “Government can no longer afford to subsidise petrol prices because of its many negative consequences.
“These include a return to the costly subsidy regime.
“The second danger is the potential return of fuel queues – which has, thankfully, become a thing of the past under this Administration.
“The days in which Nigerians queue for hours and days just to buy petrol, often at very high prices, are gone for good.
“Of course, there is also no provision for fuel subsidy in the revised 2020 budget because we just cannot afford it.”
The Minister disclosed that from 2006 to 2019, fuel subsidy gulped N10.413 trillion, an average of N743.8 billion per annum.
Mohammed said from the figures provided by the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, subsidy was N257 billion in 2006; N272 billion in 2007; N631 billion in 2008; N469 billion in 2009; N667 billion in 2010; N2.105 trillion in 2011; and N1.355 trillion in 2012.
He added that fuel subsidy gulped N1.316 trillion in 2013; N1.217 trillion 2014; N654 billion in 2015; N144.3 billion in 2017; N730.86 billion in 2018; N595 billion in 2019, while the figure was not available in 2016.
Mohammed said the long-drawn fuel subsidy regime ended in March 2020, with the Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency announcement.
He recalled the PPPRA announced that it begun fuel price modulation, in accordance with prevailing market dynamics, and would respond appropriately to any further oil market development.
He said: “Recall that the price of fuel then dropped from N145 to N125 per litre, and then to between N121.50 and N123.50 per litre in May.
“With the low price of crude oil then, the cost of petrol, which is a derivative of crude oil, fell, and the lower pump price was passed on to the consumers to enjoy.
“With the price of crude inching up, the price of petrol locally is also bound to increase, hence the latest price of N162 per litre.
“If, perchance, the price of crude drops again, the price of petrol will also drop, and the benefits will also be passed on to the consumers.
“The angry reactions that have greeted the latest prices of Premium Motor Spirit are therefore unnecessary and totally mischievous.”
The minister said the Government is not unmindful of the pains associated with higher fuel prices and it will continue to seek ways to cushion the pains, especially for the most vulnerable Nigerians.
Mohammed said: “The government is providing cheaper and more efficient fuel in form of auto gas.
“Also, Government, through the PPPRA, will ensure that marketers do not exploit citizens through arbitrarily hike in pump prices.”
Mohammed also noted that in spite of the recent increase in the price of fuel to N162 per litre, petrol prices in Nigeria remain the lowest in the West and Central African sub-regions.
In a comparative analysis, the minister said a litre of petrol is N332 in Ghana; N359 in Benin Republic; N300 in Togo; N346 in Niger Republic; N366 in Chad; and N449 in Cameroon.
He added that the price of petrol per litre is N433 in Burkina Faso; N476 in Mali; N257 in Liberia; N281 in Sierra Leone; N363 in Guinea; and N549 in Senegal.
Outside the sub-region, the minister said petrol sells for N211 per litre in Egypt and N168 per litre in Saudi, stressing that with the removal of subsidy, fuel price in Nigeria remains among the cheapest in Africa.
On the service-based electricity tariff adjustment by the Distribution Companies, Mohammed said the government has been supporting the largely-privatised electricity industry.
He said: “To keep the industry going, the government has so far spent almost N1.7 trillion specially by way of supplementing tariffs shortfalls.
“The government does not have the resources to continue along this path.
“To borrow just to subsidise generation and distribution, which are both privatised, will be grossly irresponsible.”
The minister noted that in order to protect the large majority of Nigerians, the industry regulator approved that tariff adjustments had to be made only on the basis of guaranteed improvement in service.
He said: “Under this new arrangement, only customers with guaranteed minimum of 12 hours of electricity can have their tariffs adjusted.
“Those who get less than 12 hours supply will experience no increase.
“This is the largest group of customers.”
To address the challenge of arbitrary estimated billing, Mohammed said a mass metering programme is being undertaken to provide meters for over five million Nigerians.
He said the programme is largely driven by preferred procurement from local manufacturers to create jobs.
Mohammed said the Nigeria Electricity Regulatory Commission will also strictly enforce stoppage of estimated billing to ensure that unmetered customers are not charged beyond the metered customers in their neighbourhood.
He disclosed that the government is providing solar power to five million Nigerian households in the next 12 months.
He said the programme will produce 250,000 jobs and impact up to 25 million beneficiaries through the installation.
The minister also noted that despite the recent service-based tariff review, the cost of electricity in Nigeria is still cheaper or compares favourably with that of many countries in Africa.
According to him, while Nigeria pays N49.75 per kilowatt, Senegal pays N71.17; Guinea pays N41.36; Sierra Leone N106.02; and Liberia N206.01.
He added that Niger Republic pays N59.28; Mali N88.28; Burkina Faso pays N85.09; while Togo pays N79.88.
The minister noted: “The timing of the two necessary adjustments, in the petroleum and power sectors, was a coincidence and not a deliberate attempt to inflict pains on Nigerians.”
He urged the people to ignore the “opportunistic opposition and their allies” who are playing dirty politics with the issue of petrol pricing and electricity tariff.
Mohammed added: “Please note that these naysayers did not complain when the price adjustment led to lower petrol prices on at least two occasions since March.
“Nigerians must therefore renounce those who have latched onto the issue of petrol pricing and electricity tariff review to throw the country into chaos.”
Speaking in the same vein, Sylva said with the loss of 60 per cent of the nation’s national income due to COVID-19, fuel and electricity subsidies were no longer feasible.
He said due to the pandemic, demand for crude oil, the mainstay of the nation’s economy, dropped, affecting earnings.
He said: “OPEC said that the only way to increase crude oil prices is to reduce production and we shut down our production to 1.42 million barrel per day from 2 million barrel per day.
“Before COVID-19 crude oil prices was in the range of over $60 per barrel, today, in spite of all the cut in production, we have not been able to achieve more than $45 per barrel.
“You can see that there is a crisis at hand and the only way to adjust is to stop subsidy, which previous administrations have attempted to do.
“We have gotten to that point now.”
The minister called for understanding and support of Nigerians, stressing that it is in the best interest of a sustainable national economy.