The Federal Government has raised an alarm over a recent virile disease, Cassava Brown Streak Disease ravaging East and Central Africa now making its way to West Africa.
Dr Muhammed Umar, the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, disclosed this on Thursday in Abuja at the 2019 Cassava Investment Forum.
The Permanent Secretary represented by Ayodeji Bobby, Head, Font and Tuber Crops in the ministry called for a collective effort in securing Nigeria and West African region against the virus.
He said that the disease had caused over 90 per cent loss in a cassava farm in the country.
He therefore urged the professionals at the cassava forum to use their vast knowledge and experience to advice the ministry on areas that were key to the development of cassava sub-sector in Nigeria.
The permanent secretary said that Nigeria remained the largest producer of cassava, adding that a total of 36.8 million metric tonnes of cassava were harvested from 3.13 million hectare in 2013.
He said that this was with an average yield of 11.7 tonnes per hectare, adding that this however accounted for an insignificant fraction of global value-addition of cassava.
He said: “But because of the Federal Government support through the change agenda of the government raised the production to about 54 million metric tonnes at 15 tonnes per hectare and develop efficient value-added chains.’’
Umar said that this was for high quality cassava flour, dried chips; starch and sweeteners; ethanol and traditional foods.
He said the ministry in collaboration with the organisers of the investment forum, the Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta trained master bakers on the promotion and adoption of 20 per cent cassava bread.
Umar said that the Federal Government provided them with working equipment and capital to create local sustainable markets for cassava and generate employment.
He said that the IITA also provided research on products and good quality stems to the farmers.
Dr Afred Dixon, IITA Director for Development and Delivery said that the Nigeria’s cassava annual production was above 50 million tonnes, adding that the increased from 35 million tonnes in the early 90s was not by accident.
He said that this resulted from stakeholders in research development to all other aspects of cassava value chains such as processing, mechanisation and markets.
Dixon said that in spite of the achievement of having more than 50 million tonnes annual production, there were some challenges still confronting the cassava crop.
He said: “Our yield per hectare is still low, it is less than 10 tonnes per hectare, we are still battling with the problem of cyclical glut, there are still processing challenges.
“Weeds are still problems in cassava, and several others, consequently Nigeria is yet to tap the full potential of the cassava crop which is estimated at five billion dollars annually.”