The Presidential Advisory Committee against Corruption says it recovered N594.09 billion in three years through the implementation of the whistle-blowing policy.
Prof. Itse Sagay, Chairman PACAC, said this at a two-day Roundtable on Whistle Blowing for Revenue Generating Agencies in Nigeria, organised by the African Centre for Media and Information Literacy in collaboration with PACAC.
Sagay said the whistle-blower policy was introduced by the Federal Government in 2016 to encourage Nigerians with information about violation or corruption to report through a secured online portal designed to conceal the identity of the blower.
He added that the policy created a reward system for informants who led to recovery of funds as they received between 2.5 and 5.0 per cent of the total amount recovered.
He said: “The policy has been very successful, not only in terms of assets actually recovered through information provided by whistle blowers, but also by revelation of the infinite variety of scams used by fraudulent Nigerians in swindling government and people of Nigeria.
“The Ministry of Finance’s analysis of the type of infractions reported in 791 cases was most revealing with the highest being 148 cases from embezzlement of funds meant for payment of personnel emoluments with 113 cases completed.
“Non-remittance of pension and NHIS deductions amounted to 137 cases, out of which 102 cases has been completed, while financial misappropriations amounted to 86 cases, out of which 76 cases had been completed.
“Embezzlement of salaries of terminated personnel amounted to 62 completed cases, while failure to implement projects for which funds have been provided amounted to 61 ongoing cases.
“Violation of TSA regulations by keeping funds in commercial banks amounted to 58 completed cases, diversion of revenue totaled 54 cases others are illegal recruitment, 33 cases, violation of procurement Act, 36 among others.”
Sagay said some Nigerians abroad had suggested that the policy should be extended to foreign countries to expose Nigerians who looted funds and government should on appropriate tip off contact the Federal Bureau of Investigation in US to investigate them.
He said the idea was worthwhile, deserving of consideration by anti-corruption agencies and maintained that there was need to convert the whistle-blowing policy into an Act.
He said this was to encourage people to come out with information that would lead to recovery of assets as leaving it as a policy might create doubt on government’s reward to people.
Clem Agba, Minister of State for Budget and National planning, represented by Dr. Philip Ugbodaga, his Special Adviser, committed to considering suggestions on the prospects of entrenching whistle-blowing in the budget-making phase.
Agba said this would be done through a system wide reform initiative that will enable prevention of corruption opportunities early in the life cycle of government expenditure process, which usually begins with the budget preparation process.
AFRICMIL Coordinator, Dr. Chido Onumah, said the centre enlisted the support of PACAC to organise the workshop as part of its support for anti-corruption fight.
Onumah said the aim was to highlight the necessity of whistle-blowing as a way of checking rampant corruption in the regulatory and revenue generating institutions.
He said the policy in spite of challenges of legal framework had achieved considerable success in recovery of huge amounts of looted public funds in local and foreign currencies as well as assets.
Earlier, Dr. Kole Shettima, Country Director, MacArthur Foundation, who was represented by Dayo Olaide, Deputy Director of the Foundation, said MacArthur supported the programme to strengthen the whistle-blowing policy.
Shettima said one way to entrench the whistle-blowing policy was for government to show its commitment by protecting blowers and partnering with Nigerians against corruption, thereby making them to begin to speak out.
He said government should also show commitment by ensuring that those victimised for whistle-blowing got justice and job restoration for those who lost it.
He urged the Federal Government to address the policy’s challenge of lack of legislation by deliberately putting in place a law that would protect whistle blowers as well as show the political will by implementing it.